Teaching Students with Disabilities| When students who have certain disabilities enter a mainstream classroom, it can be hard for teachers to teach those students. Teachers can struggle with a number of things when it comes to teaching students with disabilities. There are various issues, but there are solutions that come with it.
You can opt for the best disability courses in your area if you want to learn certain skills to be able to engage with disabled children. With the help of these courses, it will be easier to teach those physically and mentally challenged children. In this guide, you will learn about the different strategies for teachers to teach students with disabilities in classrooms.
A Growing Problem in Modern Classrooms
Before, schools might have had only a few disabled students who needed special care. These students were typically isolated in the special education department, and things were not so complex. But in today’s modern classrooms, mainstreaming the increasing number of disabled students is considered the order of the day.
As the classrooms are mixed, teachers who are already dealing with reduced funding and overcrowding are presented with new challenges. But it also presents various opportunities for both the students and the teachers. As per the word of experts, combined classrooms offer important lessons about empathy, patience and community values. These opportunities may not be there in isolated schools for disabled kids.
Training and Support Are Important
Like any other program that involves disabled children, training and support are important to ensure that all student needs are met. You can opt for the best disability courses online to deal with the challenges of disabled children better. For the school districts that do not have enough budget to hire more staff, volunteers in the classrooms can help to make a difference.
Volunteers can help provide more instruction, supervise during projects and support students’ learning. The involvement of more people not only ensures that students receive the help they need, but it can free teachers to instruct and control the rest of the class.
When you plan for an integrated classroom, there are different methods that you can include in your classroom plan to make tough subjects seem less stressful for you. Some of the useful tips that can assist you are:
- Including life skill training in the curriculum
- Maintain flexibility in the classroom
- Using Howard Gardener’s theory of multiple intelligences
- Beginning your plan early on
Teachers are required to review the needs of disabled students before planning lessons for the week. Extra planning can help teachers change their offerings per the needs of students. Extra time can help you arrange increased classroom volunteers for those days when the curriculum can be tough for students with special needs.
Other than having the help of volunteers, support from your peers can help you come a long way in helping disabled students to get the most out of your class. Most experts advise a collaborative approach that can benefit disabled students and the teaching staff.
Some of the recommended methods are as follows:
- Parallel teaching
- Interactive teaching
- Alternate teaching
- Centre-based teaching
Using any of the above methods can help to provide for the needs of disabled students while ensuring that the standard student’s learning is not affected in any way.
Practicing Positive Classroom Management
For a successful classroom plan, positive classroom management is important. A proper plan can help students of all abilities to understand and hold fast to your expectations. When disabled students are provided with efficient and clear guidelines, they can take ownership of themselves and their actions.
Extra responsibilities can also help to improve the independence of such students, and some techniques that work well in combined classrooms are as follows:
- To employ positive reinforcement
- To display and review existing classroom rules
- To use positive language that focuses on the student rather than any kind of disability
- To post a schedule and keep to it
- To establish non-verbal signals that are connected to desired outcomes.
There are other strategies that can differ based on the needs of the disabled students and the support received from volunteers and the school district.
Change Your Approach
When you change the learning approach in your class, you will help not only the disabled students but also the standard students in your class. When you show that there is more than one way to solve a problem or to learn a concept, you can help prepare your students for life outside of the skill, as thinking outside the box can lead to bigger rewards.
Some tips that can help children of all abilities to learn are as follows:
- To supply regular feedback
- To use visual aids to improve the understanding of students
- To engage with students with open-minded questions
- To model different learning practices and behaviour
Along with these methods and with a little patience, teachers can provide the best education to each student of the class they deserve. A proper plan can prepare the students in the class for a time when they need to prepare themselves outside of the walls of a school.
How Do You Support Your Students in the Classroom?
Other than taking disability training courses, these are some of the ways by which you can support students in the classroom:
- Leaning on others
When teachers in a school collaborate with the entire team, such as therapists, case managers, students and parents, it can be beneficial for them. This is essential for online schools where teachers and teachers do not have the benefit of daily contact.
- Staying organized
By creating an organized classroom with fewer distractions, students will feel focused without adding any structure. Teachers can build systems to help students organize their books while giving space to them for taking breaks during tiring hours.
- Knowing that each student is unique
As a teacher, you need to remember that each student learns in a different manner. While there are those who need visuals, others need to feel through their learning to understand the concept. You need to allow your student’s different opportunities to explore subjects in a number of ways.
- Keeping the instructions simple
If your student finds it tough to remain focused or take on different information at once, you can try to break things down into smaller tasks that seem more manageable and allow them to feel that they have succeeded in something throughout the day.
If you are a teacher at a school or any other reputed institute and feel that you are having problems teaching disabled children, you can opt for disability courses online In Australia. There you can learn different skills and techniques by which you can teach disabled students in your class and ensure there are no issues between the students.